Blogs

Semantic MEDLINE: An Advanced Information Management Application for Biomedicine

Thu, 10/09/2014 - 10:57 -- Rolando Garcia-...

On November 12 from 11.00 AM- 12.00 PM,  the Yale Medical Library will be hosting a presentation on Semantic Medline by Dr. Marcelo Fiszman, Research Scientis, Lister Hill Nat. Ctr. for Biomed. Comm. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health

Semantic MEDLINE integrates information retrieval, advanced natural language processing, automatic summarization, and visualization into a single Web portal. The application is intended to help manage the results of PubMed searches by condensing core semantic content in the citations retrieved. Output is presented as a connected graph of semantic relations, with links to the original MEDLINE citations. The ability to connect salient information across documents helps users keep up with the research literature and discover connections which might otherwise go unnoticed. Semantic MEDLINE can make an impact on biomedicine by supporting scientific discovery and the timely translation of insights from basic research into advances in clinical practice and patient care.

Dr. Fiszman has an M.D. from the State University of Rio de Janeiro and a Ph.D. in biomedical informatics from the University of Utah. He was awarded a postdoctoral fellowship in biomedical informatics at the National Library of Medicine (NLM) and is currently a research scientist there. His work focuses on natural language processing algorithms that exploit symbolic, rule-based techniques for semantic interpretation of biomedical text. He is also interested in using extracted semantic information for automatic abstraction summarization and literature-based discovery. These efforts underpin Semantic MEDLINE, which is currently under development at NLM. This innovative biomedical information management application combines document retrieval, semantic interpretation, automatic summarization, and knowledge visualization into a single application.

 

Date:             November 12, 2014 – 11.00- 12.00

Location:      Historical Library, Cushing/Whitney Medical Library, 333 Cedar St, New Haven, CT 06520

Registration required - limited seating

 

 

Photos published by The New Yorker

Fri, 10/03/2014 - 10:28 -- Terry Dagradi

On Oct 2, 2014, The New Yorker published a photo essay on a small selection of patient photographs from The Cushing Tumor Registry.  The article mentions the number of photographs as fifteen hundred, but a closer estimate of the 5x7 inch glass and film negatives is between ten and fifteen thousand. 

The promise of seeing hundreds of glass jars of brains and tumors is what often draws guests to the Cushing Center. But it is the photographs of the patients on display that connect the viewers to the individuals that Cushing cared for during the early and often dangerous days of neurosurgery.

http://www.newyorker.com/culture/photo-booth/harvey-cushing-brain-tumor-registry

Fall Statistical and Software Workshops

Mon, 09/29/2014 - 11:50 -- Mark Gentry

The Center for Science and Social Science Information (CSSSI) is pleased to announce their Fall 2014 software and statistical workshops.  These workshops are *free* and open to all Yale affiliates.

Workshops are held Fridays. Morning workshops (9-11am) are in Rosenkranz Hall, 115 Prospect Street, downstairs in 01. Afternoon workshops (1:30-3:30pm) are in the CSSSI, Kline Biology Tower, 219 Prospect, on the lower level in C27.

 Click the workshop name to register or for more information on the content of the session.  Click here for information on classes offered at the Medical Library. 
                                                                                                                             

 

Curatorial tour of three new exhibits in the Cushing/Whitney Medical Library

Thu, 09/18/2014 - 12:27 -- Andy Hickner

Join us for a tour of 3 fascinating and diverse Medical Library exhibits – The Body as a Machine, Vesalius at 500, and Dangers of Underage Drinking and other Historical Posters. The tour will be led by Melissa Grafe, Librarian for Medical History, and Susan Wheeler, Curator at the Medical Library. As part of the tour, the cases will be opened to view the objects. Please meet at the circulation desk. You may RSVP to historical.library@yale.edu or at 203 785-4354.

New Interface for ClinicalKey

Thu, 09/18/2014 - 09:02 -- Nathan Rupp

A new interface for ClinicalKey will be released on September 23. The new interface will include a cleaner, mobile-friendly design for discovering clinical content on the go. It will also introduce 1,400 topic pages that offer quick access to point-of-care content, including risk factors, treatments, and more.

For further information about the new interface, go to clinicalkeyupgrade.com

Electrosurgical in the Operating Room

Fri, 09/12/2014 - 08:37 -- Andy Hickner

(Post authored by Terry Dagradi)
Cushing operating at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital
Cushing operating at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital
Photo by Dr. Walter Willard Boyd 1928-32

On October 1, 1926 at Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, Harvey Cushing performed an operation—removal of a mass from a patient’s head -- using the first commercial electrosurgical generator developed by to William T. Bovie [1], an engineer employed at Harvard University. The Bovie unit passed high frequency alternating current into the body, allowing the current to cut or coagulate. The device drastically reduced the complications of bleeding during intracranial operations, further reducing the mortality rates during brain surgery. After 88 years this basic device remains a fundamental tool in the practice of surgery.

When Cushing began his surgical career in the early 1900s, brain tumors were considered to be inoperable. At that time the mortality rate for a surgical procedure involving the opening of the skull was around 90%. Cushing dramatically reduced the mortality rate for neurosurgery to less than 10%, and by the time of his retirement from the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in 1932, he had successfully removed more than 2,000 tumors.[2]

[1] Bovie, WT; Cushing, H (1928). "Electrosurgery as an aid to the removal of intracranial tumors with a preliminary note on a new surgical-current generator". Surg Gynecol Obstet 47: 751–84.

[2] http://www.whonamedit.com/doctor.cfm/980.html

Additional information on Electrosurgery: http://www.albertahealthservices.ca/ps-1009154-electrocautery.pdf

http://contemporaryobgyn.modernmedicine.com/contemporary-obgyn/news/electrosurgery-newest-energy-based-devices?page=full

http://www.uptodate.com/contents/overview-of-electrosurgery

Tips for new students: Booking study rooms, off-campus access, computing help

Mon, 08/25/2014 - 08:31 -- Andy Hickner

This week the library welcomes incoming students of the YSM class of 2018.  We felt it was a good time to highlight a couple of pages with useful information for new students:

Welcome, and stay tuned for more helpful tips.

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